Learning is defined as “relatively permanent change in behavior” as per psychology definitions. There could be different categories of learning in educational setting like rote learning and real learning. Here learning is being discussed as being real learning.
In 3rd world countries schools (majority rural areas), teachers focus on right or wrong answer which lead to rote learning. Real learning is actually the process of knowing the reason, logic or philosophy behind an answer, discussion or event. Real learning not only focuses on the right answer but it involves why a certain phenomena happen? How it happen? what are the reasons behind it? If we are going to reject any information then we must know that why we rejected the information? And on what basis this lead to the rejection? Real learning involve rational, where rationale provide the reasons for a certain phenomenon.
Real learning doesn’t happen in vacuum but it involves critical thinking, problem solving thinking. Real learning needs conducive environment where collaboration and support are the basic values of the culture. Real learning admits diversity in the students, and it accepts the unique and fun mistakes. The bigger problem in real learning happens is failure. If someone is unable to understand a concept or information then they must accept the failure and reconsider it. If they reconsider it and again try to understand it, they succeed and they become successful real learners.
Real learning is different than rote learning where the whole focus is on the memory. If someone have strong long term memory and he or she can memorizes facts and knowledge, we in Pakistani society label him good learner. However he or she is not a real learner as people like them did not know the philosophy behind it. Real learner can argue, describe and interpret wherever rote learner only can read and describe. This is why educationists stress on need of real learning in elementary and secondary schools.